Study Finds Women More Likely to be Allergic to Common Medications

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The Wall Street Journal reports that a study in the journal Allergy analyzed allergies to drugs in 1.7 million patients treated in two Boston hospitals from 1990 to 2013 and found that women has significantly more allergies than men and that white patients has significantly more allergies than other racial groups. According to lead research Dr. Li Zhou, it isn’t clear why women develop more allergies than men.

From the news release of the American Association for Justice.

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Featured Link — An Overview of Parkinson’s Disease

The website VeryWell has a good explanation of Parkinson’s disease. Here are the opening paragraphs:

Parkinson’s disease develops as a result of the death of dopamine-producing nerve cells in the brain. Dopamine is a vital neurotransmitter (chemical messenger in the brain) that helps regulate muscle activity. So when dopamine is depleted in the brain, symptoms like shaking, stiffness, and walking difficulties occur.

While Parkinson’s disease used to be considered solely a movement (motor) disorder, experts now recognize that it also causes non-motor related symptoms like sleeping problems, constipation, and loss of smell.

What’s interesting is that these symptoms may actually predate the motor symptoms by many years, even decades.

It’s important to understand that Parkinson’s disease is a complex disease. But by learning small tidbits of knowledge about this brain disorder, you are already on your way to living well (or helping a loved one) live well with it.

Cause of Parkinson’s Disease

While the precise cause of a person’s Parkinson’s disease is usually unknown, experts believe that it results from a complex interaction between one’s genes and his or her environment.

Examples of environmental exposures that may trigger the development of Parkinson’s disease in a genetically vulnerable person are pesticides or rural living. Other risk factors for Parkinson disease are increasing age and gender (Parkinson’s disease is more common in men).

Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease

The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease can be subtle early on—in fact, they may even go unnoticed. But eventually the symptoms slowly worsen with time.

Motor Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease

Four hallmark motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are:

  • Tremor
  • Bradykinesia (a slowness of movement)
  • Rigidity
  • Postural instability (sense of imbalance)
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Trump Administration Delays Safety Rule on Silica Dust

The Hill reports that the Trump Administration “is delaying a controversial safety rule on silica exposure.” Last year, the Labor Department’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) “lowered the permissible exposure limit to silica dust for construction workers.” The new rule was scheduled to take effect on June 23, but the Administration is delaying it by three months. The article says exposure to large amounts of “silica dust is believed to cause lung cancer, kidney disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,” according to OSHA.

From the news release of the American Association for Justice.

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20 Percent of Patients with Serious Conditions Are First Misdiagnosed

An alarming article in the Washington Post reported that a significant percentage of hospital patients have been misdiagnosed by their doctors. Here are the opening paragraphs:

More than 20 percent of patients who sought a second opinion at one of the nation’s premier medical institutions had been misdiagnosed by their primary care providers, according to new research published Tuesday.

Twelve percent of the people who asked specialists at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., to review their cases had received correct diagnoses, the study found. The rest were given diagnoses that were partly in line with the conclusions of the Mayo doctors who evaluated their conditions.

The results are generally similar to other research on diagnostic error but provide additional evidence for advocates who say such findings show that the health-care system still has room for improvement.

“Diagnosis is extremely hard,” said Mark L. Graber, a senior fellow at the research institute RTI International and founder of the Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine. “There are 10,000 diseases and only 200 to 300 symptoms.”

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New York researchers: Strawberry e-liquids “most toxic.”

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Reuters reports on a study, which found that a strawberry flavored e-liquid “was the most toxic among all liquids…tested.” Human lung cells were also exposed in vitro to tobacco, pina colada, menthol, and coffee e-cigarette aerosols along with cigarette smoke and air. Maciej Goniewicz of Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, New York, who led the study said, “Our findings raise some concerns about the safety of additives used in e-cigarettes. If an e-cigarette user experiences any side effects, for example cough or chest pain, he or she should consider changing the flavorings in the product and operating their device in lower-power settings.”

From the news release of the American Association for Justice.

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Injured At Work? What You Need To Know About Handling Legalities

 Suffering an injury at work is different from a typical injury that may occur in any given situation. There are specific rules that restrict the legal rights of the injured claimant when an injury occurs at work, all of which are designed for the injured employee to begin receiving medical coverage and financial compensation as soon as possible while protecting the employer from an expensive lawsuit. The rights of the typical injured employee do not include non-economic pain-and-suffering compensation when injuries are not contested and the employer is legally compliant with all aspects of business operation. However, that does not mean that a workers’ compensation injury claim cannot find its way to a standard state court in certain situations. As simple as a standard workers’ compensation claim may seem, there are often complications along the way that will require the legal expertise of an experienced workers’ compensation lawyer, like those at Clearfield & Kofsky.

System Legal Structure

Federal law requires all state legislatures to establish a workers’ compensation program based on what they determine works best for the particular state. Some states have privatized insurance protection for injured workers, while others have established a state board that oversees all claims. These states effective serve as both the judicial system and the insurer. This means that claims are often defended or denied by the state workers’ compensation board based on the material case facts of the injury claim. In privatized states, the defendant in a denied claim will either be the employer or their workers’ compensation insurance company with state presiding as the final arbitrator.

Program Rules

All claimable work injuries are reported to the state board or their insurance company by the employer. Injured workers are required to notify an employer either immediately when an accident injury occurs or later when the injury is realized. Many intense labor positions will result in injuries that happen over a period of time, often based on repetitive motion job duties, and claims may be filed without the benefit of a specific accident report. Each state sets its own standard with respect to a statute of limitations on claims, with most of those time periods beginning when the injury was recognized by the claimant.

Gross Negligence Cases

Cases that include bad faith insurance companies or employers who required workers to perform job duties in negligent work situations could also be taken to a standard court in pursuit of pain-and-suffering damages. Employers who have been cited for specific non-compliance issues can be sued for gross negligence when an aggressive workers’ compensation attorney can prove by a preponderance of the evidence that the employer acted illegally or failed to comply with all OSHA rules and regulations.

Author Bio: Emma Sturgis is a freelance writer living in Boston, MA. When not writing, she enjoys reading and indoor rock climbing. Find her on Google +

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EpiPen Recall Expanded

The Wall Street Journal  reports that an EpiPen recall has been expanded to include 13 lots that were distributed in the US. According to the CBS Evening News, the EpiPens and EpiPen Jrs distributed in 2015 and 2016 “may have a defective part that would keep the autoinjectors from delivering a potentially life-saving emergency allergy treatment.”

Reuters reports this “announcement comes a week after Mylan announced the recall of about 81,000 EpiPen devices in countries outside the” US “following two reports of the company’s allergy treatment failing to work in emergencies.” NBC Nightly News said the company’s recall “includes the US out of an abundance of the caution.”

Bloomberg News reports Mylan “said it will replace pens from the recalled lots at no cost, and that people should keep the ones they have until they get their replacements.”

From the news release of the American Association for Justice.

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Featured Link – RheumatoidArthritis.com

The Rheumatoid Arthritis Support Network has a good website with quite a bit of helpful information for those who suffer from this problem. Here is just a small sample from the site:

Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has no cure, but doctors recommend that patients use aggressive treatments early in diagnosis to decrease the severity of symptoms. There are a variety of treatment methods used to control symptoms and stop joint damage, including medications, surgery, and daily routine and lifestyle changes. Communication with a doctor or rheumatologist is necessary in choosing effective treatments. They will ensure that treatments are healthy and medications prescribed correctly for a patient’s situation or lifestyle.

Treating RA will not cure the disease, but certain treatments can significantly reduce the pain and potential permanent damage to the body. Depending on the severity of your symptoms, the goals of treatment will be to gain “tight control” of RA, meaning the disease’s activity is kept steadily at a low level. Keeping RA in “tight control” can prevent long-term joint damage.

These goals primarily focus on:

  • Reducing inflammation
  • Preventing further or permanent damage
  • Improving quality of life
  • Reducing daily and long-term side effects

Following a strict treatment regimen could bring RA into remission, meaning there are no signs of the disease in the body. Remission is never an indication that symptoms will not return, but many patients can go long stretches of time without symptoms.

There are many ways to treat rheumatoid arthritis and a doctor or rheumatologist are the only ones who can help determine which methods are the best for a patient’s individual needs.

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FDA Issues Final Rule Banning Most Powdered Gloves

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The ADA News reports that the Food and Drug Administration has issued a final rule “banning the use of most powdered medical gloves.” The rule “applies to patient examination gloves, powdered surgeon’s gloves and absorbable powder for lubricating a surgeon’s glove.”

The ADA Science Institute monitors and posts links to alerts and recalls of oral care products.

For more information about hand hygiene, visit the ADA Professional Product Review.

From the news release of the American Association for Justice.

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Academic and Consumer Groups Call for FDA to Issue Off-Label Guidance

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The Hill reports that the Food and Drug Administration’s decision to delay guidance on off-label uses of prescription drugs “comes as some academics and consumer groups voice concerns about the risks of unapproved uses that have not been vetted by the FDA’s gold standard of randomized clinical trials.” The article provides insight from several experts with different perspectives on how the FDA should proceed.

From the news release of the American Association for Justice.

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